Tran Vinh Tan


Leadership based on Mindfulness & Character Strengths

In this post, we explore several ways in which mindfulness and character strengths can help in the development of leadership capabilities.

Leadership is a concept that has been widely discussed and debated by many scholars and practitioners. It is complex and multifaceted, and it has been studied from various angles, including psychological, sociological, and organizational perspectives. There has been many different approaches and theories in leadership, such as trait approach, skills approach, behavioral approach, situational approach, path-goal theory, leader-member exchange theory, transformational leadership, authentic leadership, servant leadership, adaptive leadership, psychodynamic approach,… (Northhouse, 2021) In this article, we would like to explore leadership through the lens of mindfulness and character strengths to see how these concepts help to build leadership skill.

Some basic definitions

Leadership refers to “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal” (Northhouse, 2021). Leaders are responsible for setting the vision, creating a plan to achieve that vision, and inspiring and motivating others to work towards it. Effective leadership involves the use of various skills and abilities such as communication, problem-solving, decision-making, and emotional intelligence.

Mindfulness means to pay attention in a particular way – on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgementally (Jon Kabat-Zinn, 2013). It involves paying attention to one’s thoughts, feelings, and physical sensations without judgment. It has been shown to have numerous benefits, including reducing stress and anxiety, improving focus and concentration, and increasing emotional regulation.

Character strengths refer to capacities for thinking, feeling, volition, and behaving in a way that is good for oneself and others (Niecmiec, 2013). They are positive qualities of character that enable individuals to live a fulfilling and meaningful life. They include traits such as kindness, courage, gratitude, wisdom,…. Character strengths can be developed and cultivated through intentional practice and can help individuals navigate challenges and build resilience.

Integrating mindfulness with character strengths amplifies leadership effectiveness. Mindfulness practices help leaders identify and leverage their strengths while also promoting self-reflection and personal growth. This combination enhances self-awareness, allowing leaders to align their actions with their values and purpose. By cultivating mindfulness, leaders can authentically embody their character strengths and lead with integrity and empathy.

8 main ways that mindfulness and character strengths can help to develop leadership capabilities

In leading self 
Improve effectiveness via increasing focus and concentration

Mindfulness can help leaders to improve their focus and concentration, which can lead to increased productivity and effectiveness. By practicing mindfulness, leaders can develop the ability to pay attention to the present moment and avoid distractions, allowing them to stay focused on their goals.

Increasing resilience

Resilience is the ability to bounce back from adversity and challenges. Character strengths such as courage and perseverance can help leaders to develop this quality. By practicing mindfulness and focusing on their strengths, leaders can increase their resilience and better navigate difficult situations.

Leaders who can reframe challenges as opportunities for growth and learning can create a more positive work environment. By cultivating a growth mindset and focusing on the positives, leaders can help their team members to see challenges in a more positive light and develop a sense of resilience and determination.

Self compassion

Mindfulness and character strengths are powerful tools that can help improve self-compassion, which is an essential ingredient for effective self-leadership. Mindfulness is the practice of being present and non-judgmental, which can help individuals become more aware of their thoughts and emotions. By becoming more mindful, individuals can learn to observe their thoughts without getting caught up in them, which can lead to a more compassionate and self-aware mindset. Similarly, identifying and utilizing one’s character strengths can help individuals better understand their values and motivations, which can lead to a greater sense of self-compassion. By cultivating self-compassion, individuals are better equipped to handle challenges and setbacks, and can approach their own leadership with a sense of empathy and understanding. Ultimately, the practice of mindfulness and the cultivation of character strengths can help individuals become more effective self-leaders by fostering a greater sense of self-awareness and self-compassion.

In leading others
Valuing others

Leaders who cultivate a sense of gratitude and appreciation for themselves and their team members can create a more positive work environment. By recognizing the contributions of others, leaders can build stronger relationships and foster a sense of collaboration and mutual respect.

Looking at others via the lens of positivity

Leaders who focus on the strengths of their team members can help to create a more positive and supportive work environment. By identifying and valuing the unique strengths of each team member, leaders can build a more cohesive and effective team. It also helps leaders to balance out the negativity bias to achieve a more balanced, objective view on the situations.

Develop compassionate leadership

Compassionate leadership involves showing empathy and understanding towards others. Mindfulness can help leaders to develop this quality by increasing their awareness of their own emotions and those of others. By practicing empathy and compassion, leaders can create a more positive work environment and build stronger relationships with their team members. More and more researches confirm that more compassionate leaders are also more effective in dealing with challenges.

In leading organization/building organizational culture
Leading with authenticity and goodness

Leaders who cultivate their own character strengths and lead with authenticity and goodness can inspire others to do the same. By modeling positive qualities of character, leaders can create a more positive work environment and build trust and respect with their team members.

Leading with universal ethics

Leading with universal ethics requires a deep understanding of oneself and the world around us. Mindfulness and character strengths can help cultivate this understanding and enable leaders to lead with compassion, integrity, and empathy. Mindfulness allows leaders to become aware of their thoughts and emotions, leading to better decision-making and communication. Character strengths, such as honesty, humility, and gratitude, can help leaders build trust with their team and create a positive work culture. By leading with universal ethics, leaders can create a more just and equitable world, where everyone feels valued and respected.

Final words

Leadership is a complex and multifaceted concept that requires a range of skills and abilities. Mindfulness and character strengths can be powerful tools for leaders, helping them to improve their effectiveness, increase resilience, develop self compassion, value others, look others through the lens of strengths, develop compassionate leadership, lead with authenticity, goodness and universal ethics. The Strengths to Flourish for Sustainable Leadership program, developed by The Flourishing Circle, is a highly effective 8-week program that combines the principles of Mindfulness Based Strengths Practice (MBSP) with innovative leadership techniques. The primary aim of the program is to empower leaders and managers to enhance their leadership capabilities by cultivating mindfulness and leveraging their character strengths. The program has garnered praise and positive feedback from participants, solidifying its reputation as a transformative and impactful experience.



Niemiec, R. M. (2013). Mindfulness and character strengths. Boston, MA: Hogrefe Publishing.

Northouse, P. G. (2021). Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full catastrophe living, revised edition: how to cope with stress, pain and illness using mindfulness meditation. Hachette uK.

Gallifa, J. (2023). The Foundation and Integrative Dimensions of Sustainable Leadership. The Flourishing Circle website.